Permacultural Training

permacultural_training_ADRA_Mongolia_1This project promotes a permaculture approach to household gardening. This is a new approach for Mongolia, first introduced by ADRA through the food security program in 2010. Permaculture (permanent agriculture) is an integration of people and the landscape in order to provide food, energy, shelter, and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way. Permaculture has four key design principles: Preserve, regenerate and extend natural landscapes; Conserve and increase all sources and supplies of water, maintaining water purity; Catch and store energy through non-polluting and renewable methods; Preserve and increase biodiversity of all types. Permaculture is not a specific way to farm or garden. Rather it is more of a philosophy in the approach of working with a landscape so that it remains sustainable, fertile and productive. What the permaculture approach does is to bring a conscious design process into the establishment and maintenance of agriculturally productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability and resilience of natural ecosystems. Permaculture utilizes many different kinds of gardening practices and theories, as it is based on creating closed ecosystems that are as natural as possible and meet all their own needs internally, such as supplying pest management, nutrients for all species, temperature control, soil building and maintenance, wind control, pollination, germination and pruning – ideally not needing any human management or inputs.